The question often arises of the strange doings of Saudi Arabia and their apparent fecklessness in not taking up positions which would be satisfactory to us in the West. Truth to tell, Saudi Arabia is not a "nation state," is difficult to think of as a homogeneous "nation," but is a "state." In fact it is a family enterprise. That is why it is called, "Saudi Arabia." The family of owners are the Al-Saud.
The Saudi government is run as a family business with the help of people who have proven or who hope to prove their loyalty to the family. The idea of Saudi "citizenship" is a bit of a joke. Saudis are "subjects" of the monarchy, not citizens in the sense that would be understood elsewhere, even in other Arab kingdoms. Jordan, for example.
The perceived legitimacy of the Saudi state rests on its three hundred year old alliance and symbiosis with the Wahhabi sect of Islam. As a result of that relationship the Saudi government has felt required to fund many zealot schools and other projects around the world. In the process, they have "created" a mass environment in the kingdom that is xenophobic, and intolerant of other peoples’ ways and beliefs.
The Saudi government now has the problem of placating the largely anti-Western ‘Ulema and masses while retaining some sort of "working" relationship with the US. Difficult.
To borrow an expression from Mr. Jefferson, the Saudi establishment has "the wolf by the ears."