As the happy marriage of neoconservatives and Obama-era humanitarian interventionists continues to flourish in defense of American permanent war deployments around the globe, it is a worthwhile moment to recall the roots of the neocons in the old left of the 1930s. Neocon founders like Irving Kristol, Norman Podhoretz, Max Schachtman, Seymour Martin Lipset, Irving Howe, Nathan Glazer, and Gertrude Himmelfarb were all anti-Soviet socialists from the 1930s, many of whom were followers of Leon Trotsky. Trotsky broke with Stalin in the late 1930s over his emphasis on permanent world socialist revolution, as Stalin concentrated on the consolidation of "socialist in one country"–the USSR.
From the 1950s, the anti-Soviet fervor of these New York City-based intellectuals prompted support for the early United States intervention in Vietnam. In the 1970s, the Socialist Party split up as some factions aligned with the New Left. The neocons formed the Social Democrats USA (SDUSA), only later abandoning their socialist party-building in favor of penetrating both the Democratic and Republican parties. In the 1970s, Senators Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Henry "Scoop" Jackson and Representative William Hughes hired some leading second-generation neocons as foreign policy staffers, beginning a long, steady penetration of key Congressional committees.
At the Gerald Ford White House, successive chiefs of staff Donald Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney organized a series of "intellectual seminars" by Irving Kristol, further spreading neocon ideology within the foreign policy establishment. As Defense Secretary and later as Vice President, Cheney continued to promote neocons to key posts and to advocate for neocon permanent warfare.
Early in the 1980s President Ronald Reagan launched "Project Democracy," to spread democracy around the globe through well-funded programs including the National Endowment for Democracy, led by Carl Gershman, who has headed the NED since its founding in 1984 through to the present. Gershman was previously Executive Director of Social Democrats USA. NED has been a stronghold of neocons from its inception.
While the anti-Soviet outlook of the neocons continued even after the Berlin Wall and the fall of Soviet communism, the focus increasingly was on permanent warfare to promote democracy around the globe.
Does the permanent warfare of today's neocons differ in any real way from the Trotsky idea of permanent world revolution? Socialism has been replaced by democracy-promotion but that difference is small, particularly as the consequences continue to play out on the world stage.
Antonio Gramsci quote” Trotskyist are the whores of the fascists”.
Globalist are modern day or post modern Trotskyist
“Does the permanent warfare of today’s neocons differ in any real way from the Trotsky idea of permanent world revolution? Socialism has been replaced by democracy-promotion but that difference is small, particularly as the consequences continue to play out on the world stage.”
I don’t think the Democracy bit is much more than a fig leaf, it can quickly be discarded if votes do not go as required. The aim seems to have more to do with removing unfriendly regimes and replacing them with compliant ones. It does not work because the people/’voters’ do not like the imposed elites and are inclined to vote by tribe/clan/religion, rather than any western concept of party, the biggest block wins and lords it over the minority.
“Democracy-promotion” is just the ostensible reason. Socialism, controlled by the Western élites, was always the goal.
It is a serious error to conflate Irving Howe with support for the Vietnam war. In fact the truth is quite opposite. Here is a reference:
Ok, thus the essence of neoconism is Trotzkism and not Straussianism?
In other words, concerning the neoconservatives it makes no sense to look at the (Leo) Straussian angle? Arbitarily?
Now, considering their (not so prominent???) part in the US Culture War (still ongoing???) I am admittedly puzzled. If they were leaning towards Strauss at one point in time, they may well have shifted from revolutionaries to counterevolutionaries at one point in time. No?
They never did? They weren’t impressed by their heroes death, but carried his legacy on? Nevertheless?
Actually, this is a recasting of the old Muslim idea of Dar al Salam and Dar al Harb. Western Diocletian states embodying the House of Peace while the rest of mankind lives in the House of War. For Muslims, the idea was to bring the benefits of Islam to non-Muslims. Here, it is to bring the benefits of Civilization to the barbarian hordes.
Fundamentally, neocon and their fellow travellers – an assortment of Protestants, Jews, Nihilists, Democrats, and Shoah Cultists – are waging a relugious war that has failed and will fail against the particularities of mankind. Just like Islam failed to destroy either Christianity or Hinduism, this Western errand will fail too.
Nice to see one of the founders of White Helmets being rehomed in the correct manner.
James le Mesurier found dead in Turkey.
In Libya, in 2011, Democracy-promoters destroyed her so that Sarkozy and others in France, Spain, Italy, UK could steal her wealth; reminiscent of Muslim invasions of India in search of war booty, rapine, and slaves, in the name of Islam.
So? This review of (important) history gives us no insight into why it happened or why we should care today. Yes, I agree that these were bad people in the 1930s and they remained bad people when they moved (in theory) from the left wing to the right wing. But that is all you have said. What were the motives? How was it done? Why were they able to find acceptance in both parties with such a lousy history? How are they able to continue being accepted after such a lousy continuing history.
This account is all ad hominem, all about how a certain strain of ideologue has consistently advocated for policies of world-wide control. The logical back story would be a Trotskyite coordinating presence, something I don’t for a minute believe. Yet people of this description are undeniably pervasive in the councils of state.
So what is the connection between advocates of US dominion and former advocates of world wide revolution? And, if it is just a matter of attitudes toward power, why should we care? So some people 70 years ago (bad people, admittedly) had an influence of some people today (also in my mind bad people). So? Were they the only people from that era who held such attitudes? Could we not just as easily trace other genealogies for ideas of US domination? Do such ideas ever in history fail to materialize when the power balances enable them?
So you don’t like these people and you don’t like where you think they came from. But do you have anything to say about why they are so pervasive and what could be done about it?
Ah, the good old days. In the early 80’s I would stop after work at the local newsstand and pick up Commentary, Dissent, Partisan Review, National Interest, and so on. Whatever struck my fancy and for some reason, these did even though their circulation was quite small. At the time I didn’t not realize their commonality which came to me later in the 80’s. The PBS movie/book, “Arguing the World,” which came out about 20 years ago, has a lot of the backstory.
A common thread is the desire to change the world though they had different views of what that “change” should be.
As for me, I was an accidental entrepreneur and generally liked Hayek’s economic views. I’m also highly skeptical of idealist and messianic movements like Mao’s which the 60’s had been rife with. But I loved readings all these rags with somewhat different perspectives but a common thread that each seemed to think their “Truth” should rule. Seems to me the greatest evil gets perpetrated by those that think they have found “The Way.”
To such people, ihe ideology is unimportant. Empire is what matters.
Irving was quite a character. A socialist who’s eyes were not totally closed to the um, “contradictions” and stagnation inherent in socialist economies. He spun his wheels mightily in the pages of Dissent trying to reconcile his socialist ideals with it’s fundamental conflict with human nature.
How much of neoconservatism cum liberal internationalism (foreign policy idealism aka Wilsonianism) is “spreading freedom and democracy” and now much is neoliberal globalization as “making the world safe for capitalism”?
In either case the end in view is a Pax Americana where the US has permanent global dominance in accordance with the Wolfowitz doctrine of not permitting a challenger to arise as a competitor.
If you go no further than Marxism, you will not understand what is happening. But to go further is to engage in thoughtcrime.
Fortunately, the Catholic scholar E. Michael Jones has written a great book on this. It is called The Jewish Revolutionary Spirit: And Its Impact on World History. Incredibly, it has not been banned from Amazon yet. It is exhaustive, encyclopedic and documented.
Jones has developed a following among young Catholics appalled at both the corruption in Rome and the corruption in American society. These kids are the ones digging conservatism’s grave, not the left. The left needs Conservative Inc to plays its role and keep the show going for the benefit of older people who get all their information from television.
It has not been covered much by the media but TPUSA, a Trump-aligned youth organization, has been battered by audience after audience on its recent campus tour. Yesterday in Los Angeles Donald Trump Jr was booed off the stage as he tried to promote his latest book.
At first, TPUSA tried to blame campus leftwingers. This was an obvious lie, and so they began to call the audience Nazis. Then, they accused them of being virgins. They tried to vet and plant questioners but when this failed they eliminated the Q&A altogether. A similar episode happened the week before when Sebastian Gorka stupidly took on a 20 year-old Youtube personality with an audience ten times larger than his own.
Post-WW2 Conservatives failed because they never understood what they were fighting, failed to wage culture war, and fooled themselves into thinking that the fall of the Berlin Wall meant the end of struggle, when it only meant a change of theater.
>Could we not just as easily trace other genealogies
Keep it simple and start with tracing the actual genealogies of these people. If you do that, a lot of things should begin to fall into place.
If they don’t, you’re still operating under a century of mass media propaganda.
What you say is true, Babak.
I think these people are the type, subset pseudointellectuals, that just enjoy power and using it to stir the pot of humanity for self-glorification.
IMO, they really believe in nothing else. They are, by nature, miserable craven control freaks that justify their activities by hijacking whatever ideology is floating around in the zeitgeist that the dupes will follow; could be Islam, could be Christianity, could be democracy, could be socialism. Makes no difference to them as long as they get to experience themselves as superior masters of the world.
The most dangerous man is an intellectual.
Not empire, rather, power.
Not off-topic, just a footnote.
Their ideology is Anti-Christian. It’s that simple. Their motive is spiritual.
And the Alcoves at CUNY bred a bunch of ’em. Different perspectives but a fevered desire to change the World. God help us.
“Does the permanent warfare of today’s neocons differ in any real way from the Trotsky idea of permanent world revolution?”
Yes, profoundly. For starters, Permanent Revolution and world revolution were two separate Trotskyist doctrines. Permanent Revolution was a doctrine eschewing the mainstream social-democratic strategy of supporting bourgeois-democratic revolutions until the proletariat gained sufficient strength to gain state power. Trotsky contended that socialist – capitalist alliances were inherently unstable and that bourgeois-democratic forces would inevitably align with the existing ruling order against the proletariat. World revolution was a doctrine that a socialist revolution in Russia could not survive in isolation and revolutions had to take place in more advanced countries, particularly Germany. That was given a messianic veneer of “proletarian internationalism” and “world revolution.” Such maximalism was opposed to realist expedients such as the New Economic Policy and the Rapallo Treaty of 1924 that fostered economic relations between the Soviet Union and capitalist Germany.
Revolutionary movements have always drawn opportunists who saw them mainly as a shortcut to gaining power for themselves. The ur-neocons were such a group. Their loyalty to Trotskyist ideology only lasted as long as they saw it as something that could boost them into power. When better means in various apparatuses of US power presented themselves, they latched onto them under the guise of “spreading democracy.” That seems a cynical formulation, since the most consistent neocon ideological theme is that the great unwashed masses are not to be trusted, so power must be arrogated to themselves.
Same difference, viewed from the neocon perspective.
“…appeared to have fallen from a balcony.” I somehow doubt that.
“The NGO’s funders currently include the British and German governments. The Trump administration froze US funding, which made up about one-third of the total, without public explanation in early 2018, but resumed giving financial aid last month amid criticism of its decision to withdraw US troops from north-eastern Syria.”
I bet that pissed off the neocons to no end. He should stop it again. We can use the money at home.
“… the most consistent neocon ideological theme is that the great unwashed masses are not to be trusted, so power must be arrogated to themselves.” Isn’t that the real ideology of all these factions? To my mind the rest is all just tactics.
I am genuinely unsure what the real distinctions are. The present American “conservative” idolizing of democracy and free market economics seems about as sincere as the Communist ideal of economic control by the working classes. Many years ago I argued with a (captured) VC political officer that the Vietnam war was just a fight between two elites over who would get to run things. He was appalled by the idea. His claim to the moral high ground was based on two factors: the personal honesty of the Viet Cong cadre and the party discipline that that guaranteed it. These seemed plausible at the time. Both went up in smoke almost as soon as the victory had been won.
How different were the results of the war from those to be expected from a Southern victory? I haven’t followed the subsequent history in detail, but American Vietnamese acquaintances tell me that 40 years later everything is being run by Southerners. Not identically the same Southerners, but … And does anyone believe that a southern government securely established would not have set about expelling the Chinese population that had accumulated during the years when the Vietnamese could not control their own borders? (American media never said much about it, but the boat people were overwhelmingly Chinese victims of longstanding hatreds.)
So how different is the neocon vision from a Trotskyist vision in a world where direct control is no longer possible?
The dots I have yet to connect are those that trace the path by which the neoconservatives wandered from their socialist roots to become the enforcers of the Western world’s fundamentalist neoliberal ideology of political economy. How many of the dots pertaining to the latter came to be embedded in the western industrialized world and most of the Global South were tied together for me by the recent book Globalists: The End of Empire and the Birth of Neoliberalism, by Quinn Slobodian. Several points jump from the author’s narrative. The neoliberal movement traces its origins to two citizens of the Austrian Empire who came of age in the decades immediately before its collapse: Ludwig von Mises* (b 1881) and Frederick Hayek (b 1899). Both were of un-landed noble families that had been promoted to that status just a generation or two before. Slobodian argues that the Empire’s uniqueness as a multi-cultural, multi-national entity held together by a common market with no internal tariffs and free migration within the empire led them (and especially Hayek) to envision a similarly structured world economy. They and their disciples and successors saw the making of that structure happen as their lives’ work. The goal remained constant but the means of achieving it changed with the times. First they saw the League of Nations as the potential vehicle until its collapse during the Second World War. Next was the United Nation until it was “overrun” by new nations emerging from colonialism. The goal was largely achieved in the late 20th century when General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) morphed into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994.
The most salient features of a neoliberal political economy are: free movement and safety of capital and protections for the ownership rights of investors across borders; free migration of people across those same borders; also tariff-free trade among countries; and the removal of economic policies and relationships from the purviews of sovereign countries and subordinate jurisdictions within them.
Slobodian elaborates how as the neoliberal ideology became embedded in the world economy during the 20th century it was believed by the movers and shakers (mostly implicitly but in some cases explicitly) that the lagging development status of the peoples of the recently decolonized emerging countries were the results of racial and/or cultural weaknesses. There was little recognition of the impacts of the cultural carnage and wealth extraction that were part and parcel of colonial enterprise. As a result, as the institutions of radical neoliberalism took shape they consigned a secondary economic status to the countries of what is now known as the Global South. The USA has been the leader in putting this ideology in place and has been aggressively looking out for its own interests in the process, which is understandable.* However an unintended consequence has been an economically lagging global south that has been prevented from industrializing enough to employ the millions of people whose farms have become uncompetitive with highly industrialized USA and European agribusiness. These folks move off the land either to the growing megacities of the Global South or, increasingly, into countries of the Global North by means either legal or illegal. Thus the Democratic Party establishment’s Kumbaya on immigration is not all sweetness, light and harmony. They’re also doing the bidding of their neoliberal masters.
* Michael Hudson has written extensively on this subject, especially in Superimperalism, which was first published in 1972 and substantially updated about 2003. You can download the full text in PDF format here: https://michael-hudson.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/superimperialism.pdf
Perhaps the journey trotskyist to neo-con happened because trotskyist thought that world revolution could only follow capitalism’s arrival at its final form and subsequent colapse, so that their strategy was to encourage capitalism towards its final form. This gave them a reason to find well paid jobs with pensions.
Not many people seem interested in explaining this odd journey.
Their promotion of democracy is a promotion right wing dictatorship and IMF loan sharking.
you make a good point. Pushed to extremes in policy and freed from the necesity of reality or truth, egomaniacs like Johnson, Farage, Orban, Salvini, Le Pen or Erdogan are in it for power and ego.
That’s the goal and everything else is about how to get there. If it would be useful I daresay they likely would be happily be communists, fascists, capitalits, evangelicals, muslims – or democrats and liberals – if only it gave them that power.
As Erdogan once said with some clarity along these lines: Democracy is a bus. It brings you to the destination and then you get out.
The question here is naturally if he would go voluntarily if … “diselected”. IMO unlikely.
That’s to me as creepy as when someone, say, happily flirts with the idea that presidency for life is splendid thing (perhaps because of life long immunity?) and that Xi and China had a really bright idea with that.
To me that makes clear that is not so by any means. In contrary, folks like that only underline how sensible it is to strictly limit times in office.
Seems that the MI6 persona running the Syrian White Helmets, fell off his balcony in Istanbul. Whoops.
It is striking how often the connection is ignored between the facts that a large majority of leaders in the Bolshevist party, the Cheka, the Trotzkists in the West and in Russia and later the NeCons were actually of jewish origin, not adherent necessarily to Judaism but secular Jews of Ashkenazi origin.
Is it a legacy of the pogroms in Russia that has caused this hatred that resulted in actions by the Bolsheviks and Trotzkists- as long as they had some standing before eliminated by Stalin – against the Russian population and later the development of the neocon ideology that took hole in the USA?
The funny thing – the media and of course Jews tore one off of Solzhenitsyn when he elaborated on the misdeeds in Russia by the largely Jewish Revolutionaries, not against the fact but directed against him that he mentioning and elaborating this fact art all.
One has to also keep in mind that Hitler’s anti Jewish stance had very much to do with his assessment that – true to fact – the Bolshevist Revolution (which had little if anything at all with any of Marx’ theories) was mostly lead by Jews in Russia.
That is why he condemned this Revolution as a “Jewish conspiracy” and wanted to uproot the Jews from Germany to prevent Germany from ever suffering the same fate. His anti Jewish stance was not so much rooted in the ethnicity itself but in the role members of this ethnicity played in almost destroying Russia.
The difference between a Vietnamese elite running things in Vietnam and an American elite running things is quite substantial.
Rabbi Henry Abramson produces a video series of lectures on leading Jewish figures. He’s covered Theodor Herzl several times, including this lecture:
Don’t bother trying the link: it’s now marked “Private, . . . sign in to verify that you’ve been granted permission to view it.”
As far as I can tell, this is the only one of Abramson’s several dozen videos that is marked Private.
From my notes from back in 2012, Abramson said this (among other things):
Fascinating that Russian Jews sought to escape from a system with the full intention of replicating it, which, in fact, seems to have occurred.
Also intriguing that Abramson has blocked access to that particular video.
The Trotskyite – neocons that Harper listed seemed to closely match the participants in the Jerusalem Conference of 1979, hosted by Benzion and Benjamin Netanyahu, but I was wrong: only Norman Podhoretz appears in International Terrorism: Challenge and Response, the book that Bibi edited that records the speakers and their speeches.
It is my stubbornly held belief that that conference, held on the 3rd anniversary of the July 4, 1976 Raid on Entebbe in which Bibi’s older brother was the only Jewish casualty, was the official roll-out of blueprint for the neocon-led GWOT, and that USA was represented by mostly second generation neocons: Scoop Jackson, Richard Pipes, Jack Kemp, George Will, Midge Decter, Ben Wattenberg, George H W Bush (among others).
I remember once reading something Alexander Solzhenitsyn had written about Trotsky. I can’t remember the exact wording, but the basic point was that if Trotsky had won the power-struggle against Stalin for rulership of the USSR; Trotksy would have had vastly more people killed because Trotsky would have used his verbose intellectuosity to invent vastly more whole categories of people to kill.
Is there such a thing as a non-harmful intellectual? Professor Stephen Cohen of Princeton is clearly non-harmful. Can we say that he is an intellectual? He clearly knows many things in detail about the “greater Soviet space” and the “greater post-Soviet space” of today. If Prof. Cohen is an intellectual, then should we get to work on how to tell the harmful intellectuals from the harmless intellectuals, and how to name and shame the harmful intellectuals and degrade and attrit their influence and decision-affecting power?
“actual genealogies of these people”
A valid point, but it shifts the focus from ideas to people. People that you (and I) don’t much like, but how important was their false coloration to the ideology of US domination? I would deny any theory that traces all such notions to that group. The ideas and attitudes have many sources. An obvious and common alternative genealogy for the ideas is the influence of Leo Strauss and the players that he influenced. And even he hardly seems necessary. Imperialism disguised as altruism hardly started with him either. The notion that America should set the standards and control the world seemed near universal in the very non-liberal mid-western world that I grew up in. Did Kermit Roosevelt in Iran need any ex-Marxists to justify his attitudes toward Iranian political conflict? I doubt he would have known what you were talking about.
I think that the value of knowing the story of this group is specifically to understand that ideology has very little to do with their certainty that they should control the world. Nor, I think, does it have much to do with other people’s similar notions.
What Harper (gone abroad just now) is talking about is this particular group of people not the universe o Americans. The neocons ARE a group. They are not a tendency.
One could go into even greater depth and layers of understanding on this subject of ” the USA” and the “industrial consolidation of agriculture”. What the end of your second-to-last paragraph describes as done against the Peasantry and the Yeoman Farmers of the “Global South” was first done against the Yeoman Farmers of the USA itself. And it was done by the Free Trade Party acting to kill the idea of American society as semi-self-contained and arranged to allow all its members to provide eachother a living by playing their separate balance-providing parts within an inter-sectorally-balanced economy. And part of the way to kill the idea was to kill the reality and keep the reality killed long enough that the killers could then circle back and kill the idea as well.
There is a book about the history of farming and economics-as-practiced in America up to the time of the formulation and implementation of the Free Trade plan to kill the Yeoman Farming Sector of America itself . . . and then a detailed history of how that Free Trade plan was sanctified and weaponised for application and dissemination throughout American society and then carried out in detail.
That book is called Unforgiven. Here is a tiny tribute to it.
And here is the current source of where the book can be bought from, together with a similar tiny-teaser paragraph explaining the history and purpose of the book.
Charles Walters Junior himself was descended from a family from among the Volga Germans who had settled in Ness County of western Kansas some time before. He knew farming and farm history from having done it and lived it. ( It has been years since I have actually read his books but at some point I will read them again).
I bring this up because part of what he writes about was the stealth-forcible expulsion of millions of farmers and farm families from their land and their internal exile into America’s own huge cities. The forced-expulsion was successfully “stealthed” by making it happen slowly over decades and by making it look like the impersonal playing out of economic forces.
A smaller book about a tiny corner of this subject which took place more recently is titled Night Came To The Farms of the Great Plains. It is about the Farmer Cleansing waged against farmers in the plains and prairie region under cover of the “Farm Crisis”.
I used to read Commentary Magazine many long years ago. I didn’t understand about things like “NeoConservatism” at the time. But I could tell that Commentary was getting so pro-Israel as to take leave of its basic senses.
Two particular time stand out in memory. Back in my younger days when I was very “No Nukes!” I saw a toss-off line in a Commentary article about how if I wanted to support Israel I had to support Nuclear Power in order to weaken the Arab Oil Economy. I had my doubts about that, but realised that if that was really true, that I would choose “No Nukes!” against ” support Israel”. (Separately, the serious and sincere Global De-Warmer is going to HAVE to RETHINK a reflexive opposition to nuclear power).
The other time was where some author-or-other in Commentary said that Israel was a geo-strategically crucial ally to America because Israel was the only American Ally Country between America and Australia and if we lost Israel, we would have nothing to secure our access to Australia. “Say whahh . . . ? We can go from Hawaii or even California right straight to Australia across the Blue Pacific without any other country getting in the way at all.”
That started me on the process of learning the difference between Intellectual and Intelligent. Irving Crystal was an Intellectual. Albert Einstein was Intelligent. See the difference?
An intellectual, for me, means a person for whom ideas are alive and tries to understand the world in terms of those ideas.
Well, to answer your question: I fancy myself as a non-harmful intellectual. And I have many friends whom I could categorize as such; a lector in Italy, a businessman in Spain, a venture-capitalist in US.
But non-harmful does not mean a dead-dog liberal.
Thanks, DC, for the informative comment and the book suggestions. I grew up in the corn belt of southern MN and my sister and her husband farmed there. I recall in the ’70s a lot of their neighbors who had leveraged to buy more land went broke when farm prices crashed due, IIRC, to sanctions on the USSR. My fiscally conservative sister and brother-in-law hadn’t done that but it was still a tough time. They hung in there, thanks in part to her teaching job.
A couple of John Sandford novels cover effects of MN farm crashes.
“Extreme Prey” portrays the radicalisation of a woman whose husband killed himself after the foreclosure. The other novel was, I think, “Bad Blood” which explores how family farmers can be herded into planting fad crops with disastrous effects.
Sandford grew up in a small Iowa community.
”Revolutionary movements have always drawn opportunists who saw them mainly as a shortcut to gaining power for themselves.”
Doesnt matter if its capitalism, socialism, communism,etc.,etc…..there will always be ‘rulers’ at the top of any system.
I’ve long thought that the Vietnamese adherence to communist ideology was shallow, and your experience with the VC officer seems to be an example of that. His arguments weren’t ideological, they expressed loyalty to his comrades-in-arms as good people. It didn’t take Vietnam long to flip back to capitalist ways. Communist ideology was adhered to as long as it was aligned with nationalist objectives, then it fell by the wayside.
It’s worth asking how much Communist influence there would have been in the Viet Minh and Viet Cong had it not been expedient for gaining the support of the Soviet Union. Other than the ideological component, Soviet support was of a piece with French support for the American Revolution, a move in a game between great powers.
One important difference between neocons and Trotskyists is that the neocons have real power while Trotskyists are decidedly irrelevant groups mainly preoccupied with historical woulda-coulda-shouldas and practicing scholasticism.
In my second tour part of my duties was recruiting NVA officer prisoners out of the Vietnamese National Interrogation Center to work for us. This was a place where significant enemy prisoners were held. In that role I spent a lot of time talking to quite a few of them. It was clear that some officers were heartfelt communists and others were more nationalist than anything else. In the first category I would place the political officers (commissars) who at every level of command exercised joint command with the CO. They had to countersign orders and were there to indoctrinate the troops. The Trots we are talking about are in the ancestry of today’s neocon movement. Separate Trot groups are largely insignificant.
Sloppy history makes for a nonsensical analogy.
Trotsky opposed socialism in one country from the outset in 1924 (not the late 1930s) and formally broke with the Stalinist Third International in 1933 after Hitler’s ascent to power due to its policy of refusing to allow a united front of German social democracy and the German communist party to defeat Hitler’s rise.
Irvine Howe was not a neocon.
Does the permanent warfare of today’s neocons differ in any real way from the Trotsky idea of permanent world revolution?
They could not be more different. Neocons want world intervention to protect capitalism and US dominance and maintain inequality. Trotsky called for permanent revolution in less developed countries to be led by the working class, instead of national bourgeoisie, to end capitalism and inequality.
Any idea who did it and why now?
I’ve been thinking a lot about a comment you made recently in another post about Americans not being evil, which I very much agree with. As individuals, Americans seem in general to be friendly, generous, over-fed and capable (or were capable?) of tackling very large technical problems (Panama Canal comes to mind) that had useful outcomes.
Maybe Americans as individuals are guilty of depraved indifference to the suffering their leadership causes, but that’s not actively “evil,” in my mind, as much as media-induced sociopathy or willing ignorance. And yet, I find it hard not to see America, as a nation of individuals who have had their best qualities and vast quantities of money hijacked by an evil parasite, or mind virus, to put it “novelistic” terms, which is the “lens” through which I see things. Did Paperclip bring something evil back? Where did Hans Kammler end up? When did everything begin to go so horribly wrong?
Yes, of course, nuking civilian populations to threaten Moscow was profoundly evil, no argument, as was sanctioning 500k Iraqi kids to death (Albright is certainly the poster child for evil) but those examples of evil raise the problem of the gigantic divide between leadership and individuals.
How does a non-evil populace of a country hold together, I often wonder, when it clearly has any number of evil, soul-sucking, Satan-loving parasites firmly lodged in its over-fed bowels? Maybe it doesn’t, for long. As a parent of three, I hope that’s not where we are now, but damned if it doesn’t look that way. Sometimes I don’t know whether to shit or go blind.
Jonshon/Salvini/LePen are nationalists, or at least populist demagogues. Whether they are also foolish imperialists a la Erdogan, too, is yet to be determined.
Neocons are unaffiliated imperialists, yes. Whether they sympathizes with socialism or the various religions, that is less clear. (Probably socialists of one type or another though.)
Ironically, the modern identity politics that grew out of Gramsci’s ideas via the Frankfurt School and the New Left tend to veer into the same sort of blind group solidarity exhibited by fascists. If there is any group that acts like fascists today, it is the “woke left” that the Democratic Party panders to. Wimpy fascists, but still fascists.
You are entitled to your opinion.
So now a silly adolescent girl has become your icon?
What happened to such stalwarts as La Pasionaria?
To your last point:
Intellectual is not an honorific, it is only a description.
The most successful Spanish statesman since Olivares was Franco – who was not an intellectual.
The most successful American statesman since Jackson was Franklin Roosevelt – also not an intellectual.
There is a push afoot to convince Putin to form a new Warsaw Pact to counteract NATO. The push is coming from Ukrainian tycoon Igor Kolomoysky. Kolomoysky was a big supporter of the anti-Russian forces in the Ukraine, but has been sorely disappointed with the Europe he once idolized. Kolomoysky sees Russia as the only option for his country.
Were there enough farmers in southern MN who were fiscally conservative like your sister and brother-in-law that they were able to be a sort of numerous enough “core” or “stub” of farmers-who-survived-in-farming that possible social or cultural or ethnic-ancestry generalizations could be made about that with better than 50-50 accuracy?
I ask because many years ago I read a book called ” From The Land And Back” by Curtis Stadtfeld about his family’s ancestry in farming and his departure from it. And somewhere in that book I read a small reference to the rural-sociology work of someone named Susan Jacoby, whom Stadtfeld described as having noticed that culturally-Anglo-Saxon ancestry-identified farmers viewed farming as an entrepreneurial opportunity for making money or even serious money. And if they saw no money in farming, they would leave it without feeling their departure from it was a bitter exile. Whereas the German or Germanic-culture-orientation farmers considered farming as first-and-foremost an opportunity to live on a farm and do farming, and would endure a lot of poverty on the farm to be able to stay on the farm and keep farming.
So I found myself wondering, on that gossamer-thin thread of basis, whether your sister and brother-in-law and the other conservative farmers in southern MN might be Germanic descended, or Scandinavian ancestry, or of some other non Entrepreneurial-based culture-group descent? ( I didn’t want to just assume it because that risks making an “ass” of “u” and “me”. I have limited myself to just asking, so that “me” is the only person I would risk making an “ass” of).