Most of us have seen "Saving Private Ryan," and "Band of Brothers," and therefore have some idea of what happened in the Normandy landings that began on June 6, 1944. These are admittedly from the American point of view. But how many among us recognize the shoulder patch above as that of 5th US Army, the US force that with our British, South African, New Zealand, Canadian, French and Polish allies fought its way up the boot of Italy BEFORE the Normandy landings. The objective of the campaign was to fix as many first class German forces in Italy as possible away from the French coasts. The Germans fought with great skill under the leadership of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring (smiling Al).
The US War Department asked Hollywood to make several documentaries about the Italian Campaign. One of these was directed by John Huston no less. The resulting film was such that the War Department did not want it released to the public. A number of men are killed on camera and the white, bursting German munitions are White Phosphorus, a substance that will burn under water or all the way through your flesh to the bone. We use it also. The film was thought to be a danger to public morale.
George Marshall was then Chief of Staff of the US Army and he insisted that the film be released to the people so that they would know the cost of war. pl
See the film linked here.